Women and Intercultural Communication in Hosseini's Arbaʿīn Ceremony

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Ooj Institute of Higher Education, Qazvin, Iran

2 Associate Professor. Department of Industrial Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST), Tehran, Iran


The prominent presence of women in Hosseini's Arbaʿīn has caused the role of women in intercultural communication in this ceremony to be discussed in this article. By focusing on this role and increasing the quality of intercultural communication, strengthening the commonalities of Muslim nations and not highlighting their differences, as well as cultural and economic strategies, including learning the language to establish verbal communication with tone, non-verbal communication, giving gifts, attending reception processions to provide services, hospitality and economic sacrifice, and in a word, the manifestation of moral virtues, which was the goal of the Prophet of Islam, peace and blessings be upon him have been emphasized. 


Volume 1, Issue 2
December 2023
Pages 93-112
  • Receive Date: 21 December 2023
  • Revise Date: 12 January 2024
  • Accept Date: 11 January 2024
  • First Publish Date: 11 January 2024
  • Publish Date: 01 December 2023