Recognizing the Concept of Muḥkam and Mutashābih in the Light of Verses of Holy Qur’an and Aḥādīth of Ahl al-Bayt (as)

Document Type : Original Article


Associate Professor of Department of Quranic Sciences and Hadith, Islamic Azad University, Faculty of Theology, Law and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.


The term Muḥkam and Mutashābih has an important place in Islamic tradition, especially in Qur'anic commentary and mysticism, but also in other religious disciplines, such as dogmatic theology, principles of jurisprudence, jurisprudence, and philosophy. The main topics of this research revolve around the interpretation of the verse 3:7 in which Muḥkamāt and Mutashābihāt are allocated a lot to discuss and debate. Here, another important issue named taʾwīl appears. Taʾwīl is used in connection with the Mutashābihāt; it is applied to all levels of meaning, from a simple, literal meaning to the hidden meanings. In the exegetical traditions, taʾwīl is mostly applied to the hidden meanings and esoteric exemplars of Quranic words. Since every passage of the Qur'an has a hidden meaning and the whole of the Qur’an possesses the sense of taʾwīl, the significance of the accurate meaning of Mutashābihāt and its communication with taʾwīl becomes obvious. This research will attempt to answer the question of whether Mutashābihāt are part of the Qur’an or they are used to describe the entire Quran. In order to do this, the study will document all verses of the Qur’an in which the Mutashābih or its derivatives have been used; it will analyze the major views among these to see how the authors justify their use of taʾwīl, and whether any of them provide an explicit methodology of how taʾwīl is known, and finally it will compare these various approaches to each other.


Volume 1, Issue 2
December 2023
Pages 63-78
  • Receive Date: 11 January 2024
  • Revise Date: 12 January 2024
  • Accept Date: 11 January 2024
  • First Publish Date: 11 January 2024
  • Publish Date: 01 December 2023