Document Type : Original Article
Higher Education Complex for Language Literature and Culture Studies, Al-Mustafa International University, Qom, Iran.
The goal of the research is to explain the concept of Ahl al-Bayt and its real referents from the view of the Holy Qurʾan. So we are going to ask who Ahl al-Bayt or People of the Prophet’s Progeny are. To answer this question, the hypothesis claims they are the five perfect and infallible human beings, meaning the Holy Prophet of Islam, Imām Ali, Fatima Zahra, Imām Ḥasan and Imām Husain. Bayt (House) in the phrase of Ahl al-Bayt, refers to spiritual resemblance to the Holy Prophet and special generosity, not a physical building. Based on the traditions (aḥādīth) the other nine infallible Imāms are included in the Qurʾanic term Ahl al-Bayt. Allāh Himself directly has always and absolutely cleansed all of them spiritually and materially. Cleansing them absolutely and comprehensively or their infallibility is a divine tradition (sunnat'ullāh). Based on Allāh’s Genetic Will, this tradition is permanent and never change. Allāh preserves their purity and does not allow any type of impurity to arrive at their sanctuary. Of course, this purity preservation does not mean they do not have free will and they are determined. They are free, but they can see the special guidance of Allāh (borhānu rrabb بُرْهانُ الرَبِّ), which keeps them from all kinds of impurity. Necessity of infallibility for Ahl al-Bayt is self-evident, because they are the guides and the role models of people. If they commit sin or make mistake, how people can rely on them. The research method is descriptive analytical.