Document Type : Original Article
PhD in Shia studies. Research vice president of the higher education complex of language, literature and philology.
Shīʿa School of thought enjoys an enduring and influential history during various periods and among different Islamic denominations. It is traced back to the time of the Holy Prophet whose opinion and those of his pure household take precedence over the opinions of others in matters concerning beliefs, jurisprudence, Hadith and other sciences.
The intellectual heritage of Shīʿīsm has various dimensions, including hadith, theology, and history, each going through changes in the course of its development. Shīʿa scholars have made extraneous efforts throughout history to compile Islamic sciences and preserve the Islamic heritage. In the contemporary era, the knowledgeable scholars also have done everything they have been able to do to introduce and defend the scientific capacities of Shīʿa thought. Their efforts led to the compilation of precious books, such as Al-Ghadīr, Aʿayān al-Shīʿa, Al-Mīzān, Al-Ḥayāt and numerous other works.
This study seeks to explain the general principles of the Shīʿa School of thought highlighting its precious heritage particularly the valuable and distinguished intellectual and textual works in different periods of history. Efforts have been made to introduce the capacities of Islamic sciences of the Shīʿa School and its heritage by benefiting from data description and analysis method with a qualitative approach based on library resources.